Repairing Flash Drives

Repairing flash drives is easier than I thought. I have repaired 3 flash drives:

  • Transcend 16gb which appeared as an unformatted drive, and will not format at all. Trancend tools didn’t help at all.
  • Corsair Voyager which tend to hung up Windows.
  • Windows 8 Read-only flash drives.

Below are steps I took to reflash a read-only Windows 8 flash drive

Step 1: Identify Flash Drive using ChipGenius

Identify the Controller Part-Number as highlighted in yellow.

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Step 2: Fixing it using Manufacturer tools.

Download appropriate manufacturer tools. That are a couple of sites. I searched for SM3257ENLT Tool in Google.

For this tool, I clicked Scan USB and then Start (Space Key).

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PC History

Dad’s Past PCs – Retired
1992? – AMD 386 (Acer Power 386SX?)
1997? – Intel Pentium MMX 233Mhz (Packard Bell)

1999? – First DIY PC – Retired
CPU: Intel Celeron 433Mhz (Socket 370 + Adapter)
RAM: 128MB? RAM
Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-6VXE+ (VIA Apollo Pro, Slot 1)
GPU: Nvidia RIVA TNT2 AGP 4x

2002? – Upgraded First DIY PC – Retired
CPU: Pentium 3 500Mhz
RAM: 256MB? SDRAM
Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-6VXE+  (VIA Apollo Pro, Slot 1)
GPU: Nvidia Geforce4 MX 440

2004 – College PC (DIY) – At parent’s home, different motherboard & dead.
Intel Pentium 4 HT 2.6C (Northwood)
RAM: 512MB DDR SDRAM
Motherboard: Abit AI7 (something else now, but dead.)
GPU: Asus Radeon 9600XT VIVO 128MB

2007 – First Laptop (Dell) – This pc is still running after 3rd battery change.
CPU: Core2 Duo T7200
RAM: 4GB RAM
GPU: GeForce Go 7300
160GB 5400rpm -> 320GB WD Black -> 128GB SSD

2008 – Salvaged PC1 (DIY) – Parts sold off
CPU: Intel Pentium 4 3.2Ghz
Motherboard:  Asus P4P800
GPU: Nvidia NV6600
Case: CM Stacker 832

2009 – Salvaged PC2 (DIY) – Parts sold off
CPU: Core 2 Duo 2.2 ghz
Motherboard: EVGA nForce 680i SLI
RAM: 4GB OCZ NVIDIA SLI_Ready DDR2 800 (2009)
GPU: PNY XLR8 GeForce 9800 GT EE 512MB (2009) / Quadro FX570 (2010)
PSU: OCZ 600MXSP (2009)
Case: CM Stacker 832 (2008)

Current PC (2012+)
Intel i5-3570K Quad Core (2012)
Motherboard: ASRock Z77 Pro4-M
RAM: 32gb Corsair Vengence DDR3 1600 (2012/2013)
GPU: Sapphite Radeon 7850 2GB (2012)
Case: CM Stacker 832 (2008)
PSU: OCZ 600MXSP (2009) died in 2017.
PSU: Seasonic S12 II 520W (2017)
Multiple SSDs+HDDs
2017 changes: Changed role into a Server. Removed Graphic Card. Replaced PSU.

Current PC (2017)
Intel i7-7700K Quad Core (2017)
Motherboard: MSI Z270 Gaming Pro Carbon (2017)
RAM: 16GB Crucial Ballistic Sport LT (2017)
GPU: Sapphite Radeon 7850 2GB (2012)
Case: Phanteks P400s (2017)
PSU: Corsair CX650M (2017)

Virtual Router / Wireless Hotspot using your PC

To host a Virtual Router / Access Point with your PC, you need a compatible Wireless Adapter that supports Hosted Network.

 

Requirement:

  • Windows 7 or later
  • Wireless Network adapter with HostedNetwork support.

 

Check for hosted network support by running this in Command Prompt:

netsh wlan show drivers

netsh_wlan-show-drivers

If it says No, your network card does not support Hosted Network, or you need to update your drivers.

 

Configure the wireless Hosted Network settings:

netsh wlan set hostednetwork ssid=MySSID key=MyWiFiKey

You will only need to do this once. It will retain this settings even if you reboot your PC.

 

Start the wireless Hosted Network (Run as Administrator):

netsh wlan start hostednetwork

 

Stop the wireless Hosted Network:

netsh wlan stop hostednetwork

 

Set up Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

Next, bring up the properties window of the Network Adapter that has Internet Connection.

Local-Area-Connection

Check “Allow other network users to connect through this computer’s Internet connection”. Now select the Network Adapter to share to (in my case, HostedNetwork).

Local-Area-Connection-Sharing

Once properly configured, your Hosted Network Status should show Internet connectivity.

Hosted-Network-Status-Internet

 

Supported Devices

Supported Network Adapters
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 1030
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 1000
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N + WiMAX 6150
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6230
Intel® Centrino® Advanced–N + WiMAX 6250
Intel® Centrino® Advanced–N + WiMAX 6250
Intel® Centrino® Advanced–N + WiMAX 6250
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6200
Intel® Ultimate N WiFi Link 5300
Intel® WiFi Link 5100

 

Not Supported Devices

Unsupported Network Adapters
Intel® PRO/Wireless 3945ABG Network Connection
Intel® Wireless WiFi Link 4965AGN
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 100
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 130

 

More Information

Wireless Laptop Card

Wireless LANWiFi ProtocolWiFi Max. Speed(Transmit/Receive)
MIMO
Form FactorYear IntroducedFeatures
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2100b11 MbpsMiniPCI: IIIA, IIIB2003
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2100Aa, bMiniPCI: IIIB2003
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2200BGb, g54 MbpsMiniPCI: IIIB2004
Intel® PRO/Wireless 2915ABG a, b, g54 MbpsMiniPCI: IIIB2005
Intel® PRO/Wireless 3945ABG a, b, g54 MbpsPCIe MiniCard2006
Intel® Wireless WiFi Link 4965AGNa, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x3:2
PCIe MiniCard2007
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 100b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® My WiFi Technology
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 105b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 130b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 3.0+HS
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 135b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 1000b, g, n(2.4)150/300 Mbps
1x2:2
PCIe MiniCard
PCIe Half MiniCard
2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 1030b, g, n(2.4)150/300 Mbps
1x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 3.0+HS
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 2200b, g, n(2.4)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N 2230b, g, n(2.4)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Wireless-N + WiMAX 6150b, g, n(2.4)150/300 Mbps
1x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
WiMAX
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6200a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6205a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6230a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N 6235a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2012Wi-Fi Direct™
Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Advanced-N + WiMAX 6250a, b, g, n(2.4/5)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
WiMAX
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Intel® Centrino® Ultimate-N 6300a, b, g, n(2.4/5)450/450 Mbps
3x3:3
PCIe Half MiniCard2011Wi-Fi Direct™
Intel® Wireless Display
Intel® Smart Connect Technology
Intel® My WiFi Dashboard
Dell Wireless 1350b, g54 MbpsMiniPCI
Dell Wireless 1450a, b, g54 MbpsMiniPCI
Dell Wireless 1501
(Broadcom)
b, g, n(2.4)72/72 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard
Dell Wireless 1505
Dell Wireless 1506
(Atheros AR5B125)
b, g, n(2.4)150/150 Mbps
1x1:1
PCIe Half MiniCard
Dell Wireless 1510
Dell Wireless 1520
Dell Wireless 1530a, b, g, n(2.4)300/300 Mbps
2x2:2